Torus Palatinus Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and More

Rugae can be found on the surface of the roof of the mouth, which is made of a hard palate. Torus Palatinus is a bony projection on the surface of that mouth. Symptoms, diagnosis, and causes of this protrusion will be discussed in the next article.


The Torus Palatinus is a What?

The hard palate, also known as the torus palatinus, is a bony protrusion on the roof of the mouth. It can come in a variety of shapes, including spindle, nodular, and flat, as well as in a range of sizes.


Midway along the firm palate, it can be found. Females are more likely to be affected, while those with Asian ancestry are more likely to be affected. It is estimated that torus palatinus affects between 20 and 30 percent of the general population.

Even though it is noncancerous, benign, and painless, these growths can occasionally be caused by underlying issues, so getting it evaluated is crucial.


Torus palatinus is a lumpy growth or lump that can be felt on the roof of the mouth when a hard palate is present.

It can be present for a person’s entire life, or it can develop over time. It normally begins to develop throughout adolescence and can be felt in middle age. It can even shrink as a result of resorption.

Torus palatinus can cause a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Your mouth may feel like it has hard lumps on the surface. It is possible to have one or more of these.
  • The roof’s surface is rough but not painful.
  • When growths are huge, it becomes difficult to eat, drink, and even speak properly.
  • The protrusion might be a magnet for food.
  • Treatments involving the placement of dentures or other prosthetic devices are problematic.

Fever, ulcers, pain, swelling, tooth decay, fever, or growth in other parts of the body can sometimes accompany these symptoms. This could be an indication of a deeper issue.


The source of this growth has not yet been determined, but researchers believe it is either inherited or a result of trauma. It’s most common among adults over 30.

Causes include, but are not limited to

An expansion of the bone structures in the mouth occurs when you grind or clench your teeth frequently. – Habitual bruxism. This notion, on the other hand, isn’t universally agreed upon.

This growth may be caused by the nutrients found in saltwater fish, which may explain why some people consume such large quantities.

Other factors, such as dental crowding and the form of the mouth, may have an impact on the development of the condition.

A higher bone density has been seen in those with torus palatinus than in the general population.


If the torus palatinus is tiny and not causing any symptoms, your dentist can detect it during a routine checkup. In most cases, there is no need to cure or remove these growths because they are painless and non-infectious.

Any orthodontic device, such as a denture, may need to be removed or modified, if the wearer has difficulties eating or swallowing; speech impairment; or difficulty in securing the device.

Occasionally, it becomes scratched while eating hard meals, necessitating the removal of it. Maxillofacial surgery is the most common method of treatment. A midline incision is made to remove the extra bone. Sutures are used to seal the wound.

Three to four weeks are typical recovery times. Be sure to take your prescribed medication on time. There are situations when the growth is abnormal and is caused by-

– a mouth infection

– a cyst or abscess in the mouth

– Cancer of the mouth (although, it is rare and occurs mostly on soft tissues)

– abrasions from hard food or dental tools.


This condition is neither hazardous or uncomfortable, but it can cause problems and make everyday tasks more difficult. There are a number of issues that can arise.

  • With its rough texture, there may be an unpleasant sensation in the mouth. Because of this, it hinders the tongue from securely resting in the mouth.
  • These growths are ideal places for food to become entrapped. In addition, eating and swallowing become more challenging.
  • When food becomes lodged in your teeth, it can cause poor breath and deterioration. It prevents the teeth from being properly cleaned, which can lead to poor dental hygiene.
  • Inability to talk properly and fluently due to inability to move tongue and mouth properly might produce speech impairment. It can cause you to become self-conscious or develop a fear that it is some kind of dangerous growth.

When the growth is close to the teeth and huge in size, complications are more likely to occur.

If You’re Unsure About Something, Ask Your Doctor

Any abnormal growth in the body should be checked out by a doctor.

Doctors can be consulted if you have torus palatinus and are experiencing-

  • With the process of growing, there is discomfort
  • speaking, chewing or swallowing difficulties
  • on other regions of the body, new growths
  • in addition to a variety of other ailments such as ulcers in the mouth, edoema, and tooth difficulties

These symptoms could point to an underlying problem that must be addressed as soon as possible to prevent further deterioration.


There is a type of hard palate called the torus palatini that grows along the middle of the mouth’s palate. It’s nothing to be concerned about unless you have difficulty going about your daily business or it’s accompanied by additional symptoms.

Cysts, abscesses, and even malignancy are all possible causes of these symptoms. Surgery is the only option for treating it.

However, despite the fact that it is completely innocuous, there are certain side effects to its existence. People can get by just well without it, but if it’s causing problems, getting rid of it is a good idea.